Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes. Much more typically, pajamas could confer with various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, as well as British affect on the broader Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell away from vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of Other folks from your Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made of smooth fabric, for example flannel or lightweight cotton. The jacket ingredient normally has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas created ahead of the fifties, but within the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick dress best above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas might these days consult with Females's pidžame mixture daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.